The SHRL have been awarded a £1.3m EPSRC research grant to study the deformation of microscopic fuel droplets.
We are currently offering a fully funded PhD studentship on laser diagnostics for sprays.
Microscopic imaging of sprays
Contact: Dr Cyril Crua
High-resolution microscopic imaging
The direct visualisation of diesel sprays using high-resolution microscopy can give novel insight into the complex processes involved in the initial stage of spray formation.
The light source and imaging optics were optimised to produce shadowgraphic images of sprays with unprecedented sharpness. Sub-micron resolutions and ultra short exposure times allowed the observation of previously unreported shearing instabilities and stagnation point on the tip of diesel jets.
An oblate spheroidal cap was observed for a wide range of conditions, which may consist of residual fuel from the previous injection. These findings suggest that vapourised fuel may remain trapped in the injector holes after the end of the injection process, and would support the theory that the formation of deposits in the holes of diesel injector nozzles may be linked to the degradation of such residual fuel.
Ultra high speed microscopic video
The complex interaction between the spheroidal cap and the jet that follows were observed using an ultra high speed camera, operated at up to 50 million images per second.
Although still apparent, the spheroidal cap is much less distinguishable at evaporating conditions. At elevated in-cylinder temperatures the spheroidal cap is in vapour state, and can be observed due to the refraction of the light caused by density gradients.
A vortex ring motion within the the vapour phase was identified, and resulted in a slipstream effect which led to a central ligament being propelled ahead of the liquid jet. This phenomenon had been reported in the literature, but remained unexplained.
Dropsizing of Near-Nozzle Diesel and RME Sprays by Microscopic Imaging
C. Crua, G. de Sercey, M. Heikal, M. Gold (2012) 12th Triennial International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (ICLASS), 2-6 September 2012, Heidelberg, Germany.
Optical Characterisation of Diesel, RME and Kerosene Sprays by Microscopic Imaging
T. Shoba, C. Crua, M. Heikal, M. Gold (2011) 24th European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (ILASS), 5-7 September 2011, Estoril, Portugal.
High-Speed Microscopic Imaging of the Initial Stage of Diesel Spray Formation and Primary Breakup
C. Crua, T. Shoba, M. Heikal, M. Gold, C. Higham (2010) SAE 2010-01-2247, SAE Powertrains, Fuels & Lubricants, San Diego, USA, 25-27 October 2010.