Can XPS measure the thickness of coatings on nanoparticles?
In his 2017 publication, Professor David Castner (University of Washington) states, “Single particle information from electron microscopy combined with XPS sensitivity in determining composition make a powerful combination for nanoparticle analysis” ( Powell et al., 2017, J. Physical. Chemistry C).
XPS can measure precisely the thickness of single layer or multiple layers of coatings on nano-micro particles. Currently there are numerous situations where nanoparticles are used (e.g. in targeted drug delivery, sunscreens, and antimicrobial socks).
To functionalise these particles according to their target use, a proper understanding of the coating on the nanoparticles is required. In the case of multifunction nanoparticle use for targeted drug delivery, quantification of the single, double or triple layers is necessary.