Dr Carolina Zuccotti and Professor Jacqueline O’Reilly, of the University of Brighton’s Business School, analysed census data on 57,385 people aged 16-29 in 2001 in England and Wales to study the long-term effects of unemployment on young people of different ethnicity.
Of white British young people who were not in work or in education in 2001, only 59% of men and 50% of women were employed in 2011, they will tell the British Sociological Association’s conference on work, employment and society in Leeds Wednesday 7 September.
In contrast, more than 93% of men and around 85% of women who were studying or working in 2001 had a job in 2011.
The effect of being out of work or education in 2001 also reduced young people’s chances of having a professional or managerial job in 2011, with only 23% of white British men and 19% women achieving this – while the average probability of achieving this position for the entire population under study was more than 40%.
When factors such as growing up in a poor neighbourhood and having limited education were excluded, people who were not employed or in education in 2001 were 18% points less likely to be employed in 2011 than those who were employed.